Here you can find the detailed instruction on how to export Microsoft Access table(s) to PostgreSQL database. The data migration from Access to other database types like SQLite, SQL Server, Oracle, etc is very similar; the difference is in registering the database in Exportizer.
Below, it is shown how to export data from GUI or command line.
In most cases, to export from Access to PostgreSQL, the following conditions are required:
- We recommend to use Exportizer Enterprise and FD interface when working with PostgreSQL and Access (.mdb) databases. FD engine does not require ODBC drivers and exports data much faster. For Access databases of .accdb type, please use ADO interface with several possible ways to open it (see the links below). If you prefer to use ODBC for both databases, Exportizer Pro can be used.
- All involved components, i.e. PostgreSQL client, Exportizer, ODBC drivers (if you use ODBC on source or target side), OLE DB providers (e.g. for Access .accdb file), should have the same architecture: 32-bit or 64-bit.
Note: If your operating system is 64-bit, you can install both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of the Exportizer software and use them independently.
Configuring Access to PostgreSQL Exporting
The following preparations are recommended, but not required. If you want to dive into the process and understand how it works, do these steps. Anyway, you can skip them and proceed to the Export Steps below; in this case, all the preparations will be done on the fly, explicitly or implicitly.
- Launch Exportizer.
- Register your source Access database. It can be an .mdb or .accdb file. See the links at the end of the topic to learn the possible options.
- Register your target PostgreSQL database. The recommended interface is FD, but other options are also available. Basically, you specify a server and a port. Other important options are database, vendor library, and charset. Note: You can register the target database from the Export dialog during the exporting.
Export Steps (GUI)
- Open the registered Access database or just drug and drop the source Access file onto the Exportizer table list.
- Choose a table or tables to export, or write and execute your SQL query or queries. Please note that exporting multiple datasets at a time is available in Exportizer Enterprise only.
- Click Export button or choose a needed item from Export menu.
- Switch to the Database tab and select your registered PostgreSQL database as a target database. If you did not register it yet, do it now by clicking the '...' button to the right.
- Specify export parameters:
- Turn on the Memory saving mode option and its related options. In case of exporting problems, if you suspect that they can be caused by these options, try different combinations of them.
- Specify a Table name, i.e. name of the target table. For multi-table exporting, you can leave it empty, otherwise, all source datasets will be exported to one destination table.
- Optionally, specify the target table description (comment). For multi-table exporting, leave it empty; you will able to specify the target descriptions later on the Table Mappings step.
- Choose the Export mode. You can read detailed description for selected export mode to the right (hover mouse over it to see full text). For multi-table exporting, this mode will be applied to the most of the tables, and you can override it for specific tables at the next step. For example, it can be Replace+Insert for the most of tables, and Update or Append+Update for others etc.
- Specify Commit interval. The bigger its value, the faster your exporting process. But too big value may cause memory and other issues. So, try to play with it to find the optimal value for your database before porting the solution to your production environment.
- Click Next.
Specify the source-to-target table and/or field mappings.
In field mappings, you create the correspondence between the source and target columns. In addition to source table columns, you can also use calculated fields specified by formulas. It is possible to define full specifications for target columns here, i.e. rename target columns, choose their types, specify NOT NULL constraints, default values, primary key flags, descriptions (comments) etc. These specifications will be applied when the target table needs to be created or overwritten.
In table mappings (for multi-table exporting), you create the correspondence between the source datasets (tables and/or queries) and target tables. Here, you can specify target table names, their descriptions (comments), and nested field mappings for each table pair.
- Click Export.
In case of performance problems: try different combinations of Memory saving mode options and Commit interval option; you might want to read all the data exporting recommendations.
Exporting Access to PostgreSQL from Command Line
Here are some examples of exporting data from an Access file to PostgreSQL database.
Exporting an Access Table to PostgreSQL Database
"C:\Program Files (x86)\Vitaliy Levchenko\Exportizer Enterprise 9\exptizer.exe" /export /ExportType=DATABASE /ExportMode=REPLACE+INSERT /IncludeMemo /SrcDBInterface=ado /SrcDBKind=FILE /SrcDBDriver=Access /SrcDB=C:\TEST\employees.accdb /SrcTableName=BONUSES /TrgDBInterface=FD /TrgDBKind=DSN /TrgDBDriver=POSTGRESQL "/TrgServer=222.333.2.14" /TrgPort=5432 /TrgDB=dwh /TrgDBUserName=dwh_master /TrgDBPassword=dwh_master_password /TrgTableName=bonuses
Access to PostgreSQL Exporting in Silent Mode
Let's improve the above example by running it in silent mode, when no windows are shown. Also, let's add a log file to control exporting process:
"C:\Program Files (x86)\Vitaliy Levchenko\Exportizer Enterprise 9\exptizer.exe" /silent /export /ExportType=DATABASE /ExportMode=REPLACE+INSERT /IncludeMemo /SrcDBInterface=ado /SrcDBKind=FILE /SrcDBDriver=Access /SrcDB=C:\TEST\employees.accdb /SrcTableName=BONUSES /TrgDBInterface=FD /TrgDBKind=DSN /TrgDBDriver=POSTGRESQL "/TrgServer=222.333.2.14" /TrgPort=5432 /TrgDB=dwh /TrgDBUserName=dwh_master /TrgDBPassword=dwh_master_password /TrgTableName=bonuses /LogFile=C:\Test\export.log
Exporting All Tables from Access File
Exporting all tables from Access file to PostgreSQL database in silent mode:
"C:\Program Files (x86)\Vitaliy Levchenko\Exportizer Enterprise 9\exptizer.exe" /silent /export /ExportType=DATABASE /ExportMode=REPLACE+INSERT /IncludeMemo /SrcDBInterface=ado /SrcDBKind=FILE /SrcDBDriver=Access /SrcDB=C:\TEST\employees.accdb /SrcTableName=* /TrgDBInterface=FD /TrgDBKind=DSN /TrgDBDriver=POSTGRESQL "/TrgServer=222.333.2.14" /TrgPort=5432 /TrgDB=dwh /TrgDBUserName=dwh_master /TrgDBPassword=dwh_master_password /TrgTableName=* /LogFile=C:\Test\export.log
These are just basic command lines, and you can improve them by adding other command line parameters in accordance with the documentation. For example, consider explicit using of the field or table mappings by adding the following parameters:
- /FieldMappingsFile Specify the file containing field mappings, i.e. the correspondence between the source and target fields/columns, when exporting one dataset.
- /TableMappingsFile Specify the file containing table mappings, i.e. the correspondence between the source and target tables, when exporting multiple tables. The table mappings may optionally contain nested field mappings for certain tables.
Alternative Scenario Using Third-Party SQL Tool
If you have a third party PostgreSQL SQL tool, you can export the Access data in Exportizer to a SQL script first, and then load data from the script using that tool. And, of course, you can export data to SQL script either by GUI or from the command line.
But please note, that when choosing exporting to SQL script, your export process will have two phases: first, exporting the data to SQL script; second, loading data from the script to your target database. So, this way can be less effective, especially for large datasets or when automating the data exporting.
Anyway, we recommend to try both export scenarios and select the fastest and/or the most convenient one.
- Converting Access to PostgreSQL
- Migrating Oracle Data to PostgreSQL
- Exporting Large Tables
- Exporting BLOBs to Individual Files
- Exporting to HTML Using Template
- Importing Database Files from Explorer